... Clamart. On 12 November, his body, draped in Palestinian Flag, was sent to Cairo, where a brief military funeral was held. Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak sign an agreement to implement the Wye treaty. Arafat meets with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in 1988. What made the incident unusual was that he was killed in a clash with Palestinian Authority security forces. He was the sixth of seven children of a Palestinian merchant and his wife, a member of a prominent Arab family in Jerusalem: 4: Had one daughter, Zahwa, born 24 July 1995, in Paris. “They Planted Strange Trees,” the new documentary by Hind Shoufani, the Middle East-based Palestinian-American director and poet from the leftist Levantine diaspora, will depict her return to Galilee, after 20 years of absence and her parents’ death, to embrace the vibrant family and community she seeks in her ancestral Christian Arab land. The intifāḍah (protest) movement, which began in December 1987 and continued for next five years, directed the world’s attention to the plight of Palestinians in Israel, further consolidating Arafat’s position. Israel defeats the combined forces of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, the PLO, Iraq and Kuwait in the Six-Day War in June. The "road map" peace plan is formally published in April, calling for an end to terrorism, a final settlement and an independent Palestinian state by 2005. Instead, he started contacting well-to-do Palestinians living abroad for donations. "Arafat's story is the story of the Palestinian people in their struggle for freedom and independence," said Nasser Kidwa, Arafat's nephew and head of the Arafat Foundation. [8] As a student, Suha was a leader in the General Union of Palestine Students (GUPS) in France, where she organized demonstrations for the Palestinian cause. Arafat is born August 24 to Palestinian parents. Arafat looks weak, tired and sometimes dazed during press appearances. The campaign ends with Israel occupying Gaza and the Sinai Peninsula. Arafat addresses the United Nations on November 13, making his famous speech: "I have come bearing an olive branch and a freedom fighter's gun. In 1937, Yasser Arafat was brought back to Cairo. (CNN)Here's a look at the life of the late Yasser Arafat, who was president of the Palestinian Authority. [17] But shortly thereafter she denounced the prosecution as a Tunisian scheme to defame her and the Palestinian cause. The museum portrays some periods, such as plane hijackings in the 1970s and the second Palestinian uprising, as part of the national struggle and avoids mention of some attacks carried out by the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) under his watch, such as a deadly attack on Israeli Olympic athletes in Munich, in the years before the Oslo accord. The late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, right, with former Israeli president and prime minister, the late Shimon Peres in 2001.Credit:AP. He also said that the PLO supported "the right of all parties concerned in the Middle East conflict to live in peace and security, including the state of Palestine, Israel and other neighbours". The 54-square-foot room is the centerpiece of the new Arafat Museum, which opens to the public on Thursday to coincide with the 12th anniversary of Arafat's death. In 1964, Arab countries floated an umbrella organization called Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). mts al amar yapia 1929 legok. At the end of the month, Arafat travels to a hospital in Paris, France -- his first excursion from his Ramallah compound since 2002 -- and was hospitalized with what Palestinian officials said was a blood disorder. The agreement is sealed by a historic handshake between Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in Washington. A state of emergency was declared in the Palestinian territories on October 5, 2003. Arafat was born August 24, 1929, in Cairo, Egypt, though he has often said he was born in Jerusalem. Rabin, 73, was murdered by Bar-Ilan University law student and right-wing activist Yigal Amir on Nov. 4, 1995, during a... A Palestinian Arab terrorist was killed last week near the city of Nablus (Shechem). His mother had died when he was four years of age. Arafat's small plane crashes April 8 in a sandstorm in the Libyan desert, killing the pilot and two others. [20], As of 2011, she was living with her daughter in Malta. Look back at the legacy of the controversial leader. On December 12, Arafat proclaims an independent Palestinian state on the West Bank and Gaza and tells the United Nations that the PLO has renounced terrorism. He died on 11 November 2004 of a massive hemorrhagic cerebrovascular accident at the age of 75. Arafat's mother dies of a kidney ailment, and his father is left with seven children to raise. In 1994, a year after signing the Oslo Accord, Arafat received the Nobel Prize for Peace jointly with Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres “for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East". In October, Arafat declares a state of emergency in the Palestinian territories. Ararat’s first visit to Jerusalemwas when his father sent him off there. Later, he became the Chairman of the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization), which under his guidance emerged from being a puppet organization in the hands of Arab governments to an independent nationalist organization, based in Jordan. A U.S. satellite locates the wreckage, and the injured Arafat is rescued after 13 hours. Arafat's command suffers heavy losses, but his performance in battle bolsters his support among his followers. Suha had also lived in Tunisia before marrying Arafat. [15], "Fight Over Icon Has Plenty of Precedent", Yasser Arafat rarely saw his wife and daughter, "The Oslo Accords: Background and Derailment", "Focus / The rantings of Suha Arafat are more than just about money", "Yasser Arafat's widow says her marriage was 'a big mistake, "Arafat's widow tried to leave Palestinian leader 'hundreds of times, "Tunisia issues warrant for Arafat's widow", "Suha Arafat: I never took money from Palestine", "Tearful Suha Arafat watches husband's exhumation from her Malta home", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Suha_Arafat&oldid=986073665, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 October 2020, at 16:58. The Palestinian Authority's newly formed Cabinet elects Mahmoud Abbas, also known as Abu Mazen, to that position, but he later resigns. Zahwa was named after Arafat's mother. Egypt's top Muslim cleric Sayed Tantawi led the prayers. [19], On 27 November 2012, at the behest of Suha, Arafat's body was exhumed in the West Bank, in order to have samples taken from his remains. In October, Palestinian officials say at different times Arafat is suffering from a bad stomach flu, a virus and gall stones. Two months later, an Israeli right-wing extremist assassinates Rabin. Arafat casts his ballot in Gaza City on January 20, 1996. Arafat moves to Kuwait to take a job as a civil engineer with the Ministry of Public Works. The PLO moves its base to Lebanon, where it continues to carry out raids on Israel. Three U.S. In August 1982, driven by an Israeli invasion, Yasser Arafat had to leave Lebanon. He says the PLO supports the right of all parties to live in peace -- Israel included. Israel attacks the PLO base in Karameh, Jordan, in March. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is established as an umbrella group to represent Palestinians. In 1958, Arafat, along with Khalīl al-Wazīr, Ṣalāḥ Khalaf, and Khālid al-Ḥassan, he founded a new Palestinian nationalist movement called ‘Fatah’, a name derived from reverse acronym for ‘Harakat al-Tahrir al-Filastinivva’. Waging relentless war against Israel, later on he took up diplomacy as a tool for achieving his ends and signed Oslo Accord in early 1990s. Arafat announces plans to consolidate the 12 security organizations in Gaza into three units -- national security, armed forces and police. By 1970, PLO started having trouble with the King of Jordan, who in September sent forces to raid fedayeen camps along its border, forcing them to migrate to Lebanon. Suha, with her mother and sisters, met Arafat for the first time in 1985. The collection was produced in partnership with BINA: The Jewish Movement for Social Change. In the first-ever elections held by Palestinians, Arafat wins the post of president of the Palestinian Authority by a landslide. [16], On 31 October 2011, the Tunis Court of First Instance issued an international arrest warrant for Suha, relating to corruption in a business deal that involved the former Tunisian first lady, Leila Ben Ali, in 2006. In 1959, Arafat launched a magazine called ‘Filastin-na’ (Our Palestine), which also advocated an armed struggle against Israel. Revered at home as the father of the Palestinian national struggle and seen in parts of the world as a symbol of liberation, he was reviled by many in Israel and the West as promoting violence. [10] When he visited France in 1989, she acted as an interpreter at the meetings with visitors and French government officials. According to the accord, Palestinian self-rule was to be implemented in West Bank and Gaza Strip along with removal of Israeli settlements from those areas over a five-year period. The Palestinian Christian family of Soha Tawil confirms that she has married Arafat in a secret ceremony. Yasser Arafat was a leader of the state of Palestine and 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority. In a speech before the United Nations on December 13, 1988, Arafat renounces terrorism and recognizes Israel's right to exist while declaring a Palestinian state. Arafat sits with aides and medical staff in Ramallah on October 28, 2004. In July, Arafat announces a series of security reforms after a group of militants kidnap Gaza police chief Ghazi al-Jabali, demanding he be fired and investigated for corruption. Since Lebanon had a weak central government, PLO was able to function more or less independently.