As a result, the final treaties ending World War II were not signed until forty-five years later. Without the medication that we had during WWII many more civilians would have lost their lives because of injuries caused by the weapons.Also, that medication and surgical techniques were developed to become the ones we have today. It is often said that few things advance technology and innovation as quickly as war. In the East, the intended gains of Lebensraum were never attained as fluctuating front-lines and Soviet scorched earth policies denied resources to the German invaders. Some of that technology from the time period of WWI has helped us develop our aircrafts, missiles, and other technology. General Chiang Kai-shek deployed his best army to defend Shanghai, but, after three months of fighting, Shanghai fell. Both Germany and the USSR used this war as an opportunity to test in combat their most advanced weapons and tactics. Moving from the Gilberts and Marshalls to the Marianas, US forces acquired airbases from which they could bomb Japan. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers. Beginning in 1939, these battles caused massive destruction and loss of life and elevated to prominence places that had previously been unknown. The war involved a majority of the world’s countries, and it is considered the deadliest conflict in human history. Soviet troops hoist their flag over the Reichstag in Berlin, 1945. New production methods for weapons and other technology were created mostly during the two world wars. After World War I, Japan sought expand its colonial empire in Asia. They formed two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. Following a long, bloody battle, the Soviets were victorious and began to push the Germans back all along the front. The atomic bomb was a weapon, but it had so many complications and details that it would be a whole other level or even considered a different subject. The Germans were positive that the Allies didn’t have The Enigma machine or the key to unlock it. Over the next three years, they fought a brutal battle to retake the Southeast Asian nation. The world has seen many wars, but none were quite as horrifying as World War II. The bloodiest conflict in history, World War II consumed the globe from 1939 to 1945. Over 30,000 foreign volunteers. The battles of the World War II were fought across the globe from the fields of Western Europe and the Russian plains to the China and the waters of the Pacific. [Note bomb bay door in upper right-hand corner.] Unlike in the West, the Nazi racial policy encouraged extreme brutality against what it considered to be the “inferior people” of Slavic descent. We've got thousands of real essay examples for you to use as inspiration for your own work, all free to access and download. The idea of a computer had come from the enigma machine. Led by Adolf Hitler, the rise of the Nazi party mirrored the ascent of Benito Mussolini's fascist government in Italy. Following the invasion of Poland, a period of quiet settled over Europe. In Western, Northern, and Central Europe Germany established economic policies through which it collected roughly 69.5 billion reichmarks by the end of the war, this figure does not include the sizeable plunder of industrial products, military equipment, raw materials and other goods. As tensions grew between East and West, Europe was divided and a new conflict, the Cold War, began. Churchill, Roosevelt, & Stalin at the Yalta Conference, February 1945. Photograph Courtesy of the US Naval History & Heritage Command. Following the capture of Iwo Jima and Okinawa, the Allies opted to drop the atom bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki rather than attempt an invasion of Japan. Germany had created the Enigma machine. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec, Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. Home — Essay Samples — War — World War II — World War II. Available from: [Accessed 05-11-20]. Following the strike at Pearl Harbor, Japanese forces quickly defeated the British in Malaya and Singapore, as well as seized the Netherlands East Indies. On the ground, highly effective tanks such as the Panther and T-34 came to rule the battlefield, while at sea equipment such as sonar helped negate the U-boat threat while aircraft carriers came to rule the waves. Within those six years, armies around the world had developed jet aircraft, missiles, and even atomic weapons. To eliminate the threat posed by the United States, Japan launched a surprise attack against US fleet at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, as well as against British colonies in the region. Available from:, Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email, *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content. The first one was the Invasion of Ethiopia in 1935. Amphibious tractors (LVT) head for landing beaches on Iwo Jima, circa February 19, 1945. Want us to write one just for you? The most costly and far-reaching conflict in history, World War II saw an unprecedented number of engagements as the Axis and Allies sought to achieve victory. Driving through the Balkans and Poland, the Red Army pressed the Germans and ultimately invaded into Germany, capturing Berlin in May 1945. Thus, the income from occupied nations was over 40 per cent of the income Germany collected from taxation, a figure which increased to nearly 40 per cent of total German income as the war went on. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. This brochure was prepared at the U.S. Army Center of Military History by Wayne M. Dzwonchyk (Europe) and John Ray Skates (Pacific). From September to November, the Japanese attacked Taiyuan as well as engaging the Kuomintang Army around Xinkou and Communist forces in Pingxingguan. How has social media impacted the fashion industry? LB (Little Boy) unit on trailer cradle in pit. In China, World War II became a continuation of the Second Sino-Japanese War which had begun in 1937. World War II was a brutal, global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though the related conflicts had started much earlier. The Allies leaders were Joseph Stalin from Russia, Franklin D. Roosevelt from United States of America, Winston Churchill from Great Britain and Chiang Kai-Shek from the Republic of China. In late 1944, Allied troops under General Douglas MacArthur returned to the Philippines and Japanese naval forces were decisively defeated at the Battle of Leyte Gulf. The British had been working on an atomic bomb under the direction of a committee made up of physicists. The Cold War also saw a nuclear arms race between the two superpowers; part of the reason that the Cold War never became a “hot” war was that the Soviet Union and the United States had nuclear deterrents against each other, leading to a mutually assured destruction standoff. It was Albert Einstein who wrote the letter to president Roosevelt in 1939, stating the possibility of German atomic research. During 1930 to 1939, Japanese forces in Manchukuo had border clashes with the Soviet Union and the Mongolian Republic. The seeds of World War II were sown in the Treaty of Versailles which ended World War I. Crippled economically by the terms of the treaty and the Great Depression, Germany embraced the fascist Nazi Party. The victory stopped Japanese expansion and allowed the Allies to go on the offensive. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy. Comparative study of musical theatre genre between 1910 to 1943 and 1943 to 1957. One major cause of World War II was the rise of fascism in Europe. The Nationalists won the civil war in April 1939; Franco, now dictator, remained officially neutral during World War II but generally favored the Axis. With the fall of the Philippines in May 1942, the Japanese sought to conquer New Guinea, but were blocked by the US Navy at the Battle of the Coral Sea. After consolidating the beachhead, the Allies broke out, routing the German defenders and sweeping across France. Although, Japanese forces were originally welcomed as liberators from European domination in some territories, their excessive brutality turned local public opinion against them within weeks. Western Europe and Japan were rebuilt through the American Marshall Plan whereas Eastern Europe fell under the Soviet sphere of influence and eventually an “Iron Curtain”. this essay is not unique. The Japanese continued to push the Chinese forces back, capturing the capital Nanking in December 1937. The Japanese defeat at Khalkin Gol in 1939, the ongoing Second Sino-Japanese War and ally Nazi Germany pursuing neutrality with the Soviets, this policy would prove difficult to maintain. Attention! In November 1942, US troops landed and aided the British in clearing North Africa. In the 20th century alone we have already had two huge wars. By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. These wars are called the World Wars simply because they involved most of the big countries of the world. World War II was the second global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. Coming ashore in Normandy on June 6, 1944, US and British forces returned to France, opening the western front. In Asia, Japan termed nations under its occupation as being part of the Greater East Asia Cooprosperity Sphere, essentially a Japanese hegemony which it claimed was for purposes of liberating colonised peoples. During this war, military weapon technology experienced rapid advances, and over those long,hard six years, there was a major change in the technology. A month later, US forces won a stunning victory at Midway, sinking four Japanese carriers. Most German advances were thus followed by mass executions. Building on their success at Guadalcanal, Allied leaders began advancing from island to island as they sought to close on Japan. Before the war began, the invasion of the Ethiopian Empire was committed by the armed forces of the Kingdom of Italy, which was launched from Italian Somaliland and Eritrea. The use of the jet aircraft was pioneered and, though late introduction meant it had little impact, it led to jets becoming standard in air forces worldwide. Photograph Courtesy of the National Archives & Records Administration. Politics of bodies and the standards of beauty. While the Axis enjoyed early success, they were gradually beaten back, with both Italy and Germany falling to Allied troops and Japan surrendering after the use of the atomic bomb. They formed two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis. Please note that the above text is only a preview of this essay. Over the next year, both sides battled back and forth, with the Germans pushing into the Caucasus and attempting to take Stalingrad. Following the Allied victory at Coral Sea, Gen. Douglas MacArthur led Australian and US troops on a lengthy campaign to expel Japanese forces from northeastern New Guinea. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay Sauce, World War II. We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay. Are you interested in getting a customized paper? In Europe, Germany and Italy were becoming more aggressive. This page of the essay has 651 words. Advances were made in nearly every aspect of naval warfare, most notably with aircraft carriers and submarines. Taking total control of the government in 1933, Hitler remilitarized Germany, stressed racial purity, and sought "living space" for the German people. Japan prosecuted a brutal war against the Chinese, earning condemnation from the United States and the European powers. If it wasn’t for Hitler the world would have never been introduced to the atomic bomb.