var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-7775239-1"); civilization |  More often he is alone in the task. In almost all the stories about her birth, the underlying theme seems to be the asexual form of reproduction. Shu and Tefnut are considered to be the first couple to engage in sexual relations, thus starting the cycle of procreation and birth (Hornung, 1996). From those tears of Ra emerged the first humans. The Oxford companion to world mythology. Thoth began at once to try and persuade her to return to Egypt. Shu separated Nut from Geb as they were in the act of love, creating duality in the manifest world: above and below, light and dark, good and evil. The major cult centre where Tefnut was worshipped was Heliopolis, Lentopolis etc. Tefnut was generally considered as an ancient Egyptian Goddess of moisture, rain and water. There are also some other depictions of Tefnut. It was believed that Tefnut and Shu were worshipped as a pair at Lentopolis. Numerous Gods and Goddesses existed within the pantheon of Egyptian religious system. Ancient Egyptians believed that Tefnut was the twin sister of Shu. Tefnut is generally depicted as woman with a lioness’ head. The former was angered by Shu’s role in separating him from his wife, Nut. On her head she wore the solar disk, the cobra (uraeus), or a combination of the two. Tefnut was both the Left (moon) and the Right (sun) Eyes of Ra, representing both heavenly sources of light that the ancient Egyptians saw, and thus she was a goddess of both … London: Duncan Baird. In that vein, many believed that she was involved in the weighing of the hearts of the dead souls in the underworld. Being a lioness goddess, Tefnut was commonly associated with a host of other leonine goddesses that collectively made up the Eye of Ra. Conceptions of God in ancient Egypt. (2003). https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shu_(Egyptian_god)&oldid=986792634, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having different image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 01:20. https://www.pyramidtextsonline.com/translation.html, Shu – The God of Life, Wind, Air, Light, and Water, Geb and Nut – The Forbidden Love of Earth and Sky, Shu – The God of Life, Wind, Air, Light, and Water | Ancient Egyptian History, Geb and Nut – The Forbidden Love of Earth and Sky | Ancient Egyptian History, Isis – Queen, mother, woman, and king maker – Ancient Egyptian History, Isis – Queen, mother, woman, and king maker, Osiris – The son of the earth and sky, king of the dead. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ancientegyptianfacts_com-box-4','ezslot_8',129,'0','0']));Solar disc resting on her head in her depiction actually shows her solar origin. That is why Tefnut as a solar deity was given favour during his reign. She was Known as the Goddesses Of moisture. var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? Tefnut area of control included moisture, heaven, hell, time, justice, and order. ( Log Out /  *In  Egyptian mythology the Ennead (“the Nine”) is the name given to the pantheon of the great theological center Heliopolis. Ancient Egyptian Numbers & Numeral system. Copyright © 2020 Facts About Ancient Egyptians. Tefnut is an ambiguous figure and has little myth associated with her (Tobin, 2009). Also, she is part of the Ennead of Heliopolis – a group of nine famous gods who were fervently revered in ancient Egypt. Tefnut and her brother, as well as husband Shu, produced two children that were Geb, the deity of earth and Nut, the deity of the sky. He was the god of peace, lions, air, and wind. She was known as Tphenis to the ancient Greeks. Shu is mostly represented as a man. Shu symbolizes dry air and the force of preservation. In Ancient Egyptian religion, Tefnut, transliterated tfnt (tefenet) is a goddess of moisture, moist air, dew and rain. water), the land of Egypt was believed to have been ravaged by drought, diseases and starvation. Thoth, disguised, eventually succeeded in convincing her to return. World History Edu © 2020. He was the god of peace, lions, air, and wind. As a result of this, she can be seen wearing the Sun disk, an Egyptian symbol of power. (2009). Worldhistoryedu is not responsible for the content of external sites. In this form, Shu and Tefnut are known as ‘Ruty’ that means ‘the Two Lions’. Shu could also be represented as a lion, or with a more elaborate feathered headdress. Tefnut was associated with the moon while her brother with sunlight (Oakes & Gahlin, 2006). It was a city where all the lion-headed and cat-headed deities associated with the sun god Ra, were worshipped. In addition to her numerous traits and powers, Tefnut was also associated with the moon. The Greeks associated Shu with Atlas, the primordial Titan who held up the celestial spheres, as they are both depicted holding up the sky.[6]. Her name itself is related to water - tf is the root of the words for 'spit' and 'moist'. The Egyptian book of living & dying. As a lioness goddess, Tefnut could sometimes burst in rage, laying waste to everything in her path. Stroud: Sutton. The major cult centre where Tefnut was worshipped was Heliopolis, Lentopolis etc. Shu is a male god who is paired with his sister, Tefnut.Together they represent two fundamental principles of human existence. She was Known as the Goddesses Of moisture. Most of the time she is depicted as a human with a head of a lioness. Shu and Tefnut had a temple in Leontopolis (today's Tel el-Muqdam, Egypt), along with other lion-headed deities, including Bast, Sekhmet, and Ma'ahes. As it was common with most Egyptian deities, Tefnut usually carried a scepter (a symbol of power) and the ankh (the Egyptian symbol of life). Together they represent two fundamental principles main menu |  In the end Tefnut (with Shu and Thoth leading her) made a triumphant entry back into Egypt, accompanied by a host of Nubian musicians, dancers and baboons. [2] He was the god of peace, lions, air, and wind. two-lions-tefnut-shu Cult Centre of Tefnut. Darvill, T. (2008). This also may have caused the decline of the Old Kingdom. They were Set, Osiris, Nephthys and Isis. She had a hostile relationship with her father (Hart, 2005).He wanted to curb her power, so she sent herself into exile in Nubia, her brother was the only could get her to return. ( Log Out /  Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Sometimes her name is written as spitting lips (Fletcher, 2009). After their births, the two deities fell in love and got married. It can also be a reference to how Ra created her. Shu and Tefnut are considered to be the first couple to engage in sexual relations, thus starting the cycle of procreation and birth (Hornung, 1996). At times she was depicted as a human she wore a sun of disk encircled by a cobra on her head (Oakes & Gahlin, 2006). Tefnut – Ancient Egyptian goddess of water, moisture and rain. [Oxford]: Oxford University Press. As the air, Shu was considered to be a cooling, and thus calming, influence, and pacifier. concept of time. The only difference is the pointed ears that Tefnut has, compared to Sekhmet’s round ears. In a much later myth, representing a terrible weather disaster at the end of the Old Kingdom, it was said that Tefnut and Shu once argued, and Tefnut left Egypt for Nubia (which was always more temperate). Her crown had ‘Uraeus’; the symbol of protection. Ra, Shu, Tefnut, Thoth, Ptah and Hathor were still prominent gods in Akenaten's religion. Not only was the sun god her father, but she also took on the aspect of the sun - no longer the moon - as the 'Eye of Ra', the 'Lady of the Flame' and the 'Uraeus on the Head of all the Gods': Tefnut was thought to have been the upset goddess who fled into Nubia, taking all of her water and moisture with her. According to scholars, this myth actually represents the then present condition of Egypt when it was suffering from drought. And brother and sister were born – that is Shu and Tefnut.”(Wattersons, 2003), and so begins the history of Tefnut. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ancientegyptianfacts_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_6',131,'0','0']));It did not deny the existence of other deities and believed in the myth of solar origin about the birth of the universe. It is said she was spat out by Atum. ( Log Out /  It was also believed that her tears were what made the land of Egypt so fertile. She was the daughter of Atum and the twin sister of Shu. She is sometimes depicted in a double-headed form with her consort Shu on collar counterpoises, a specific type of jewellery. Fog and clouds were also Shu's elements and they were often called his bones. She was occasionally shown as a woman, but this is rare. Tefnut symbolizes moist or corrosive air that brings about change, creating the concept of time. Goddess of: water, rain, fertility, growth, time, heaven, justice, law and order, Grandchildren: Osiris, Isis, Nephthys, Set (Seth), Epithets: ‘She of moisture’, ‘spit’ (tefen), ‘moist’, ‘Tongue of Ptah’, ‘Lady of the Flame’. [4] Shu was also portrayed in art as wearing an ostrich feather. Tefnut and Shu are there for binaries, opposite forces that compliment each other. There are interesting facts about the city of Lentopolis. In the absence of Tefnut (i.e. sister, Tefnut. (Leeming, 2005) It was made up of nine God’s, Atum, Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Seth, and Nephthys. It is no wonder that they equated her with the goddess Ma'at. The ancient Egyptian god Shu is kiente represented as a human with feathers on his head, as he is associated with dry and warm air. Brown, V. (2019). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Like other Egyptian goddesses, Tefnut was depicted in yellowish colour. Sometimes her name is written as spitting lips (Fletcher, 2009). try { Shu was the father of Nut and Geb and grandfather of Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys. She often holds a long stuff, topped with a symbolic animal head. Watterson, B. However inscriptions from this time is very rare ( Hart, 2005). According to the Heliopolitan cosmology, Shu and Tefnut, the first pair of cosmic elements, created the sky goddess, Nut, and the earth god, Geb. Fletcher, J. [citation needed]. Assmann, J., & Lorton, D. (2001). As the goddess of water and rain, she was revered for her role in making the land of Egypt fertile and prosperous. Shu and Ancient Egyptians believed that Tefnut was the twin sister of Shu. Because of his position between the sky and earth, he was also known as the wind.[5]. Even though she was not as popular as her daughter Nut, or her granddaughters Nephthys or Isis, the Egyptians knew that without her, Egypt would descend into chaos. Ra sent Thoth and Shu to get her, and they found her in Begum. Egypt soon dried, and the land was in chaos while in Nubia, Tefnut turned herself into a lioness and went on a killing spree in her anger at her father, from whom she had fled. She was often shown holding a sceptre and the ankh sign of life. She was also Shu’s wife. Their union produced two deities – … After spending quite a long time in the waters of Nun (chaotic abyss), Shu and Tefnut returned to their father Ra. At times she was worshiped as a lion along with her brother she(Fletcher, 2009). Oakes, L., & Gahlin, L. (2006). After some time, Ra believed that they were lost, and sent the his Eye out into the chaos to find them. Tefnut was considered as a part of Heliopolitan view of ancient Egyptian religious system. [citation needed] There were also some alternative names of Tefnut such as Tefnet, Tefenet etc. Being a deity associated with the Eye of Ra, Tefnut was considered a protector of Ra; she protected her father from the underworld serpent. As the 'Tongue of Ptah', she was one of the gods in Mennefer (Hikuptah, Memphis) who helped Ptah - that city's main god - with creation by carrying out his will.