In the remaining two countries (Poland and the Czech Republic) the differences are not statistically significant. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. [4][8] For its studies focusing on demographics of religions in the world, the Pew Research Center has been jointly funded by the Templeton Foundation. This report covers attitudes and views on a variety of social and political questions. In preparing this report, Pew Research Center examined the relationship between religion and self-rated health in 30 U.S. datasets, including the 2011 World Values Survey, 28 waves of the General Social Survey conducted between 1972 and 2016 and a 2013 Pew Research Center survey on radical life extension. Similar shares of Americans who were employed at the time of each of the surveys said they regularly worried about losing their job. Comparing actives with inactives produces a difference in only one of the 19 countries, Spain, where inactives are more likely to exercise several times a week. In this pooled analysis, the actively religious are not more likely to report very good health, nor do they have better outcomes with regard to obesity and exercise. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. Even accounting for the modest methodological differences between the two studies, these differences hold. A Majority of Teens Have Experienced Some Form of Cyberbullying. Taken together, 43% of adults say they have experienced at least one or both of these. And today, support for same-sex marriage remains near its highest point since Pew Research Center began polling on this issue. On the other hand, there are also studies that have not found a robust relationship between religion and better health in the U.S., and even some studies that have shown negative relationships, such as higher rates of obesity among highly religious Americans. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. These results indicate that the relationship between active religion and self-rated health is not strong enough to consistently emerge across these U.S. surveys.26 However, the fact there is a significant positive relationship in some surveys, and never a negative relationship, suggests a tendency for actively religious Americans to rate their own health more positively than their compatriots. Where there is a gap, the actively religious are less likely to say they are in very good health. About eight-in-ten of voters (78%) say they will vote (or already have voted) for either Biden and the Democratic House of Representatives candidate (43% of all voters) or Trump and the Republican candidate (35% of all voters) in their congressional district. Singapore also has compulsory voting, and although IDEA estimates Singapore’s voter turnout at more than 90%, the share of voters captured by the WVS may be lower because about a third of Singapore’s population consists of foreign nationals who are not eligible to vote. Of course, people lack complete knowledge of their bodies and may consider themselves to be healthy even when hidden dangers, such as early-stage cancer or high blood pressure, go unnoticed and untreated. Religiously active people also tend to smoke and drink less, but they are not healthier in terms of exercise frequency and rates of obesity. Democrats’ levels of trust and distrust in media sources have changed considerably less than Republicans’ during this time span. 2017. If anything, people who are not actively religious are more likely to say they exercise several times per week. Recruiting our panelists by phone or mail ensures that nearly all U.S. adults have a chance of selection. Americans are divided by party in the sources they turn to for political news, 3. The share of Hispanic adults who say they will not be able to pay some bills this month (44%) is 16 percentage points higher than the share who say they cannot pay some bills in a typical month. In contrast, he believed Catholic societies had the right amount of social integration and social control, and thus lower rates of suicide. Trump supporters and Biden supporters living in districts with an opposite-party incumbent are slightly more likely to split their tickets than those living in districts with a same-party incumbent or an open-seat contest. References to white and black adults include only those who are non-Hispanic and identify as only one race. All in all, it’s not that partisans live in entirely separate media bubbles when it comes to political news. U.S. adults actually show less concern now about the amount of debt they have, their health care costs, paying their bills and being able to save enough for retirement than they did when asked some of the same questions in a September 2019 survey, well before the start of the pandemic. The survey is weighted to be representative of the U.S. adult population by gender, race, ethnicity, partisan affiliation, education and other categories. Idler, Ellen, John Blevins, Mimi Kiser, and Carol Hogue. See the methodology for a description of how the 30 outlets were selected. Overall, Republicans and Republican-leaning independents view many heavily relied on sources across a range of platforms as untrustworthy. (For more on previous studies of religion and health, see this sidebar. The Pew Forum conducts surveys, demographic analyses and other social science research on important aspects of religion and public life in the U.S. and around the world. A comparison to a similar study of web-using U.S. adults conducted by the Center in 2014 finds that Republicans’ distrust increased for 15 of the 20 sources asked about in both years – with notable growth in Republicans’ distrust of CNN, The Washington Post, and The New York Times. See. Access to mobile phones and social media is common across emerging economies. While the data presented in this report indicate that there are links between religious activity and certain measures of well-being in many countries, the numbers do not prove that going to religious services is directly responsible for improving people’s lives. Nevertheless, on average, people’s self-assessments of their own health seem to be valid and reliable summaries of overall health. While actively religious people in many countries are less likely than others to say they drink frequently or ever smoke, they are not more likely to exercise regularly or to have a BMI of less than 30.27. Overall, the results of this analysis suggest that the differences between the inactively religious and the unaffiliated fit less of a clear pattern than the differences between the actively religious and everyone else. In Taiwan, the apparent relationship between being actively religious and having very good self-rated health seems to be heavily influenced by followers of Yiguandao. There is no relationship between education and Republican-Democratic split-ticket voting; equal shares of voters (4%) across different levels of educational attainment vote this way. Therefore, it may be that the future size of actively religious populations will be more consequential for the outcomes considered in this report, and that the relative shares of the inactively religious and the unaffiliated in the remaining population will matter less. Indeed, a range of social scientific research corroborates the idea that social support is pivotal to other aspects of well-being. Three-quarters of Americans say they can typically pay all of their bills in full, while 24% say that, in a typical month, they cannot pay some bills or can only make partial payment on some of them. 2012. Across income groups, those who have been laid off or have taken a pay cut as a result of the coronavirus outbreak – or who say someone in their household has – are more likely than those who have not experienced this to say they worry about these financial concerns almost every day or more often. Moreover, there is a mixed picture on the five health measures. But the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) estimates that 21 million1 Americans still lack broadband access. [6] In October 2014, Michael Dimock, a 14-year veteran of the Pew Research Center, was named president. Together, the … In Emerging Economies, Smartphone and Social Media Users Have Broader Social Networks. Only seven outlets generate more trust than distrust among Republicans – including Fox News and the talk radio programs of hosts Sean Hannity and Rush Limbaugh. Broadband is increasingly intertwined with the daily functions of modern life. The gaps are often striking: In Australia, for example, 45% of actively religious adults say they are very happy, compared with 32% of inactives and 33% of the unaffiliated. Republicans’ lower trust in a variety of measured news sources coincides with their infrequent use. While this is the case for a majority of white adults, those ages 65 and older and college graduates, it’s not the norm for most other groups. The share of women who say they will not be able to pay some bills this month is larger than the share who say this is the case in a typical month (38% vs. 30%).