In World War II, Palau was used by Japan to support its 1941 invasion of the Philippines, which succeeded in 1942. Sea turtles also inhabit the waters around Palau. Stay and sleep in air-conditioned or screened rooms.  Including second-language speakers, more people speak English than Palauan in Palau. After World War I, the islands were made a part of the Japanese-ruled South Seas Mandate by the League of Nations. Do not use a cell phone or text while driving (illegal in many countries). Go to a doctor right away. A good example of this is the plant known in Palau as kebeas (Merremia peltata). Make sure you have liability insurance. Japanese is spoken by some older Palauans and is an official language in the State of Angaur. Be sure to. Palau's fauna consist of about 5,000 species of insects, 153 species of birds (10 endemic), 44 species of reptiles and amphibians (8 endemic), and 23 species of mammals (1 endemic). Call. All animals can pose a threat, but be extra careful around dogs, bats, monkeys, sea animals such as jellyfish, and snakes.  The protection of its water resources made significant increases in the country's economy in less than two years.  After several referendums that failed to achieve a ¾ majority, the people of Palau finally approved the Compact in 1994. Taxis are available in Koror. According to its website, the Society’s mission is “dedicated to the protection of biodiversity… [it] supports the establishment and management of conservation areas, the development of sustainable resource use policies, and an increase of environmental awareness” (6). Most travelers do not need to take special food or water precautions beyond what they normally do at home. About two-thirds of the population lives on Koror. In order to prevent and manage biological invasions: As Palau continues to develop, land and coral reefs and associated habitats will come under increasing threat of environmental degradation. Be sure to tell your doctor about your travel, including where you went and what you did on your trip. The Southern Federation comprises the states of Koror, Peleliu and Angaur. Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear (such as boots, pants, socks, and tents). Western cuisine is favored among young Palauans and the locals are joined by foreign tourists. Primary education is required until the age of 16. Many of these diseases cannot be prevented with a vaccine or medicine. In September 2006, Palau hosted the first Taiwan-Pacific Allies Summit. Bring the medicines you will need from the United States to avoid having to buy them at your destination. However, in international relations, the king of Palau is synonymous with the Ibedul of Koror. Map Disclaimer - The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Palau also has a national football team, organized by the Palau Football Association, but is not a member of FIFA. Palau, the westernmost cluster of the Carolines, instead opted for independent status in 1978, which was widely supported by the Philippines, Taiwan, and Japan. The Southern Federation is likewise represented by the high chief and chiefess of the ruling Idid of Koror state. After the conquest of the Philippines in 1565 by the Spanish Empire, the archipelago of Palau became part of the territory of the Captaincy General of the Philippines, established in 1574 as part of the Spanish East Indies with the capital based in the colonial centre in Manila.