Pañchthariya or colloquially Shrestha, and iii. ➤ Sr. SEO Specialist [4] Jyapu and lower clean occupational groups accept water as well as boiled rice and lentils from them. [1] The Newar caste structure resembles more closely to North India and Madheshis than that of the Khas 'Parbatiyas' in that all four Varna (Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra) and untouchables are represented. See here the total Nepali Thar haru. ➤ SEO/ASO Specialist for Website App | Digital Marketing For most Newars, partners must belong to different descent-group lineages within the same caste. The Gubhaju (Vajracharya) and the Bare (Shakya) form the priestly functionaries. [6] The division into Hindu and Buddhist castes has not been regarded by Newars as a serious cleavage since both groups share the same basic values and social practices and are in close accord with their underlying religious philosophy. Correct me if I’m wrong, but I’ve always thought that Subedi(s) belong to shudderingly stinking “Baahun” community. We have enlisted the Nepali Surnames. Boiled rice and dal (a sauce made of lentils), in particular, must not be accepted from a person of lower caste. For the higher Parbatiya castes (Bahuns and Chetris), the highest twice-born Hindu Newar castes (Brahmans and Chatharīyas, and occasionally Pañcthariyas) exist in a kind of "separate but parallel" status of Tāgādhāri with respect to the high caste Parbatiya. The Newar Community The southern plains Terai dwellers who are referred as Marsyā, which is a colloquial corruption of the word Madhesiyā. They are the indigenous people of the Kathmandu valley the and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic civilization. Among the Shresthas, since they are subdivided into two general sub-castes, the higher Chatharīya and the lower Pāñcthariya, one's marriage partner must be from the same grade as well. Among them, only the Chatharīya and Pañchthariya are the two historically accepted and renowned social classes among the Srēṣṭha themselves. [15] The residual group, neither Khae(n) nor Sae(n), are Muslims and Westerners and these are generally treated as untouchable by the highest levels, and water-unacceptable by those below them.[4]. Ek-thariya caste groups include over 12 specialized hereditary occupational caste groups who also follow syncretic Hindu-Buddhist religion. Adapted from Rosser Colin, "Social Mobility in the Newar Caste System", pp. [22] Some Udasas, like the Tuladhars, are among the most prosperous and wealthy people in Nepal, and used to have property interests in places like Lhasa, Darjeeling, Kalimpong and various other trade centres outside Nepal. ➤ Jr. Business Development Officer. The Newar caste structure resembles … They also serve as chief priests of the three Taleju Bhawani temples, the ista-devi of Mallas, the Kumbeshvar temple, among others. Jyapus are among the most progressive farmers in Nepal. For the non-Mongoloid hill 'Khas' tribe of the west who are in large part associated with the Gorkhali invaders, the term Partyā or Parbaté meaning hill-dweller is used in polite reference. This term has also been traditionally used as synonymous to the Tamangs whose habitat has been the surrounding areas of the Valley. Maithil Brahmins or colloquially Tirhute Brahmin with surnames Jhā and Miśra serve as temple priests and are later additions to the Newar nation, their population being slightly less than that of the Rajopadhyaya Brahmins. Through their community organisations, they increasingly speak on behalf of all Newars. [2], The Newar castes, Buddhist as well as Hindu, are no less pollution-conscious than the Khas and the Madhesis. [6] Exclusive religious preference largely disappears from this occupational caste which consists of people who numerically form the majority population among the Newars —the farmers and agriculturalists— and are collectively called the Jyapu. The Newar caste system is the system by which Newars, the historical inhabitants of Kathmandu Valley, are divided into groups on the basis of Vedic varna model and divided according to their hereditary occupations. Today, Jyapus have succeeded in placing themselves at the centre of Newar society, thanks partly to the growing popularity of the Indigenous adivasi discourse.