Devanagari alphabet for Bantawa. [15] The tripartition of the Kirat region in Eastern Nepal documented by Hodgson, divided into three region are Wallo Kirat (Near Kirat), Majh Kirat (Middle Kirat) and Pallo Kirat (Far Kirat). 32 Kirat Kings ruled in the Kathmandu valley for 1963 years 8 months. Notable features. The Budha Subba Temple was the tom[disambiguation needed] of last Limbu king (Raya) of Morang Budhhi Karna Raya Khewang., Bantawa, [citation needed] They are often mentioned along with the Cinas "Chinese". Note: all links on this site to, and are affiliate links. Download an alphabet chart for Bantawa (Excel format) Sample text They have two main festivals: Sakela/Sakewa Ubhauli during planting season and Sakela/Sakewa Udhauli during the time of harvest. Yolmoeval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'omniglot_com-box-4','ezslot_2',122,'0','0'])); If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. Khaling, After the completion of the conquest of the Majha Kirat (Khambuwan) and Wallo Kirat, the Gorkhali army marched east towards the Pallo Kirat (Limbuwan) territory. Dhundari, Maldivian, He revived the old Limbu script that was developed in 9th century. [2] They are described as "Kiratas" in the Mahabharata and Kirtarjuniya. Kangri, [citation needed], The word Kirata is a derivation from Kirati or Kiranti to name the group of people in Eastern Nepal and Northeast India. are acknowledged to belong to the proto-Newar language; modern variants of many of these words are still used by the Newars today to refer to geographical locations in and around Kathmandu valley. Bantawa is a member of the Kiranti branch of Sino-Tibetan language family. King Tribhuwan demolished title of Raya (means King in Nepali language) to Subba. As time passed, other Kirat groups, now known as Limbu, Rai, Yakkha and Sunuwar settled mostly in the Koshi region of present-day eastern Nepal and Sikkim, Darjeeling. Rai are the native or indigenous people of east Nepal. [21] Although the 14th century text Gopalarajavamsavali states that the descendants of the Kirata clan that ruled Nepal before the Licchavis resided in the region of the Tamarkoshi river,[22] a number of Newar caste and sub-caste groups and clans also claim descent from the erstwhile Kirat royal lineage. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site. [34] The 10th Gurkha Rifles and the regiment maintained its assigned recruiting areas in the kirat tribal areas of eastern Nepal as part of a broad reorganisation on 13 September 1901. Limbu, Santali, Aka-Jeru, "Kirat" is the root word of ancient tribes of Nepal. The Kirat were among the earliest inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley and a large percentage of the Newar population is believed to have descended from them. If we calculate current 2018 + 1779.8 = 3797 is the Kirati new year in Maghe Sakranti in 2018 AD. Tamang, See the popularity of the girl's name Kirat over time, plus its meaning, origin, common sibling names, and more in BabyCenter's Baby Names tool. The Himalayan Kirat people practice Kirat Mundhum, calling it "Kirat religion". [28] Kirat Limbus people believe in a supreme god called Tagera Ningwaphuma (shapeless entity appearing as a bright light), who is worshipped in earthy form as the Goddess Yuma Sammang and her male counterpart 'Theba Sammang'.[29][30]. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free. The early political order of the Kingdom of Bhutan had been established under the political and spiritual leadership of the lama Zhabs-drung Ngawang Namgyal. Chhattisgarhi, Sherpa, kʰoci kʰaːru kʰonki sinpoksenaːna mataːo juŋa kʰonki akacʰaːdaːŋakaː nimanaːcidaː dakcʰaːbuwaːwaːtni jaːŋamaːci madota. Kiratology is the study of Veda of Kirats the Mundhum along with history, cultures, languages and litaretures of Kirat ethnic people in Nepal, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Assam, Myanmar, China and so on. Newar, [2][3], According to Bista, the Kirata ("Kirat," "Kirata," and "Kiranti") are an ancient people who have been associated with the history of Nepal for thousands of years. A collection of manuscripts from the 18th and 19th centuries, till now unpublished and unstudied by historians, have made possible a new understanding of this conflict. Sirijanga researched and taught the Limbu script, Limbu language and religion of the Limbu's in various part of Limbuwan (Pallo Kirat) and Sikkim. The capital of Morang kingdom was Bijaypur (present-day Dharan). Magar, Pali, traditional, Gurbani derived, contemporary, nick names and common last names can be found here. Noted scholars on Kiratology so far is Iman Xin Chemjong who did ground breaking contributions on kirat Mundhum, history, cultures, and languages. "Rai" word is one of the Kirat ethnic groups. The same text speaks of King Suraghu, the head of the Kiratas who is a friend of the Persian King, Parigha. Omniglot is how I make my living. They are first mentioned in the Yajurveda (Shukla XXX.16; Krisha III.4,12,1) and in the Atharvaveda (X.4,14), which dates back to 16th century BC. This treaty formally merged the 10 Limbu kingdoms into the Gorkha kingdom but it also had a provision for autonomy of Limbuwan under the "kipat" system. [35] 11 Gorkha Rifles composed entirely of kirati non-optees for the British Gorkhas.[36]. The continuity of Newar society from the pre-Licchavi period has been discussed by many historians and anthropologists. The earliest references to the Kirat as principal inhabitants of the Himalayan region are found in the texts of Atharvashirsha and Mahabharata, believed to date to before the 9th century BC. It is written with a version of the Devanagari alphabet, and used to be written with the Kirat Rai script. Kirat Rai Yayokkha is a social organization of the Kirat Rai, an indigenous ethnic group in Nepal that established in 1990 (2047 B.S.) [24] Sudarshan Tiwari of Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, in his essay 'The Temples of the Kirata Nepal' argues that the Newar temple technology based on brick and timber usage and the rectangular temple design used for 'Tantric' Aju and Ajima deities are pre-Licchavi in origin and reflect Newar religious values and geometrical aesthetics from the Kirati period. The mission of Kirat Rai Yayokkha is to maintain social integrity, acquire equality and justice, by protecting, preserving and promoting distinct social and cultural identity and linguistic diversity of Kirat Rai. [16] The region Wallo Kirat, Majh Kirat were predominant by Khambu Kirat and Pallo Kirat were preponderance by Limbu Kirat as known as Limbuwan. In ancient times, the entire Himalayan region was known as the Kimpurusha Desha Kimpurusha Kingdom (also, Kirata Pradesh), Kirata Kingdom a phrase derived from a Sanskrit term used to identify people of Kirat origin. [1], One school of thought says that it comes from the Sanskrit word Kirata found in the Yajurveda; they are described as the "handsome" mountain people and hunters in the forests. Sunwar, [31] Kirat Rai worship (Sumnima/Paruhang) are their cultural and religious practices. The Limbu rulers of Limbuwan, known as Raya (King /Hang) had established a weak rule in the Limbuwan region by adopting a policy of mutual understanding with the local limbu leaders. The Kirat Rai script is used to write Bantawa, a Kiranti language spoken mainly in Nepal. This means that Kirat King Yalambar's reign started BC 1779.8. Te-ongsi Sirijunga Xin Thebe was an 18th-century Limbu scholar, teacher, educator, historian, and philosopher of Limbuwan (pallo kirat) and Sikkim. [27] Kirati people worshiped nature and their ancestors, practice shamanism. From around the 8th century, areas on the northern frontier of the Kirat region began to fall under the domination of migrant people of Tibetan origin. The Kirat Limbu ancestor Yuma Sammang and god of war Theba Sammang are the second most important deities. Bhutanese Kirat Rai Organization of America, Inc., Articles lacking sources from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 September 2020, at 09:49. Lhomi, It was divided into 10 Limbu kingdoms; Morang kingdom was the most powerful and had a central government. Kurukh, The Kirati people and Kiranti languages between the rivers Likhu and Arun, including some small groups east of the Arun, are usually referred to as the kirat people, which is a geographic grouping rather than a genetic grouping. According to the history of Nepal, the Kirats ruled for about 1,225 years (800 BCE–300 CE). New year is celebrated in Maghe Sakranti which is around mid-January (January 14–15). [19][20] The language of the Newars, Nepalbhasa, a Sino-Tibetan language, is classified as a Kirati language. [6], Kirātas (Sanskrit: किरात) are mentioned in early Sanskrit literature as hunter tribes from the Himalayas. Contemporary historians widely agree that widespread cultural exchange and intermarriage took place in the eastern Himalayan region between the indigenous inhabitants — called the Kirat — and the Tibetan migrant population, reaching a climax during the 8th and 9th centuries. The Limbu people have their own distinct form of Kirat Mundhum, known as Yuma Sammang or Yumaism; they venerate a supreme goddess called Tagera Ningwaphumang. The early influx of Bön culture to the peripheral Himalayan regions occurred only after the advent of Nyingma, the oldest Buddhist order in Lhasa and Central Tibet, which led followers of the older religion to flee to the Kirat areas for survival. Bodo, Awadhi, In 2011 there were about 161,500 speakers of Bantawa in Nepal, where the language is officially recognised. After Chemjong, PS Muringla, BB Muringla and Bairagi Kainla also contributed towards Kiratology. Car, Sindhi, Bantawa is taught in some schools in Nepal and Bhutan, and is used in the media and literature. Gurung, Malto, They believe they are indigenous aboriginals of the Himalayas, mostly the Eastern Himalayan region of the Indian subcontinent, extending eastward from Nepal to North East India - predominantly in the Indian state of Sikkim and the northern hilly region of West Bengal, Darjeeling and Kalimpong districts. Rai are the native or indigenous people of east Nepal. [5] Some legendary sources from the Kathmandu Valley describe the Kiratas as early rulers there, taking over from earlier Gopals or Abhiras, both of whom may have been cowherding tribes. Marwari, Jarawa, eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'omniglot_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',141,'0','0'])); Download an alphabet chart for Bantawa (Excel format), झाराक मनाचि सावालोङ कि तोक्मायुओ सावादा मपुकहिदा नुतोकपोक कि अकहामओ मयुङ। खोचि खारु खोन्कि सिन्पोकएनान मताओ युङ खोन्कि अकछादाङका निमनाचिदा दक्छाबुवावात्नि याङमाचि मदोत।. On 16 November 2014, French multinational video game developer company Ubisoft launched the game Far Cry 4. ɟʰaːraːka manaːci saːwaːloŋa ki tokmaːjuo saːwaːdaː mapukahidaː nutokapoka ki akahaːmao majuŋa. Bantawa, Bhojpuri, Balti, Hindi, [7][citation needed] A Sanskrit Dictionary gives the meaning of 'Kirat' as a 'degraded, mountainous tribe, a savage and barbarian' while other scholars attribute more respectable meanings to this term and say that it denotes people with the lion's character, or mountain dwellers.