They are not based on grammatical numbers, as indefinite articles only have singular form and are not used with plural nouns. Indefinite articles in Italian. (I made a mistake. (Have a good trip!). In addition to nouns ending in -o, the following words are masculine and take the articles un and il: In addition to the nouns ending in -a, the following words are feminine and take the articles una and la: You should also keep in mind that the definite article is used quite a bit more than in English. First thing’s first: indefinite articles are used to refer to a non-specific noun. uno zio (uncle) una zia (aunt) un cugino (cousin, m.) una cugina (cousin, f.) In English the indefinite article is either. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Click here to get a copy. As with definite articles, the rules about selecting the right indefinite article are based on the noun’s spelling and grammatical gender. (I don’t care about the cookies. Which one you need to choose depends on the gender of the noun it goes with, and the letter the noun starts with. ), Ho fatto uno sbaglio. (The woman played with the dogs.). ), La donna ha giocato coi cani. In Italian, a noun must be preceded by an article. (Did you think about the houses? It also corresponds to the number one. c_felber. ), La gomma è nel astuccio? b. It is also used before the names of professions as well as with common names or surnames to indicate a work of art. Italian indefinite articles are a similar function to “a” and “an” in English. In Italian there are four indefinite articles: Which one you need to choose depends on the gender of the noun it goes with, and the letter the noun starts with. It has the following forms: MASCULINE (singular): un, unoFEMININE (singular): una, un'. MASCHILE. ), Ho bisogno del computer. ), Guarda la macchina della ragazza. However in Italian there is more than one form of definite article. In contrast to English’s two indefinite articles, Italian has three indefinite articles: a month ago. Let’s take a look at when to use indefinite articles and some example sentences. a. Masculine indefinite articles. Ho dato la mela al cane. Italian Indefinite Articles - Articoli Indeterminativi. Using definite articles Italian definite articles are used similarly to their English counterpart, "the," to talk about specific, identified nouns. It corresponds with the a or an in English.. I ragazzi si alzino in piedi, le ragazze restino sedute.The boys stand up, the girls remain seated. (Concentrate on the trees! In Italian there are four indefinite articles: un, uno, una and un’. Italian Indefinite and Definite Articles … (We touched the butterflies.). (It’s the writer’s backpack. ), Ha dato la penna allo studente. (I need the computer. Edit. An adjective can be placed between the article and noun: Il viaggio in Turchia è una buona idea per le prossime vacanze.The trip to Turkey is a good idea for your next vacation. Definite and Indefinite Articles Italian articles are always followed by nouns (with which they agree in gender and number). The definite articles are used to introduce nouns which refer to a specific item, in English we would use the article the. When speaking, reading or writing Italian, you will need to learn the different articles, such as the definite articles (the) and the indefinite articles (a). (I gave the apple to the dog. (We returned from our aunt’s and uncle’s. (The girl reflects on the mistake. If the noun is singular, we use il: When the noun becomes plural, the definite article becomes i: However, if the masculine noun begins with either s + consonant, z, ps, gn or x, the definite article is lo: When these nouns become plural, the definite article becomes gli: If a masculine noun starts with a vowel, it also has the definite article l’: When the noun becomes plural, the definite article changes to gli: Indefinite articles follow a pattern similar to definite articles — there are four feminine indefinite articles and six masculine indefinite articles. – It refers to something specific. Lo strano della storia è che nessuno udì lo sparo.The odd part of the story is that no one heard the shot. And what about brushing up on those travel phrases? Learning a foreign language becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. In contrast to English’s two indefinite articles, Italian has three indefinite articles: Unlike certain other languages, there’s no plural, indefinite article in Italian. 1 The basics In English the indefinite article is either a – a boy - or an - an apple. Definite articles denote a specific noun (think of “the” in English). The immersive, entertaining content makes grammar and vocabulary much more memorable. ), C’è lo zaino dello scrittore. ), Lei non crede alla speranza. Italian Indefinite Articles. To practice Indefinite articles: Italian grammar lesson 6, take lesson, Italian audio lessons + readings “Impara con me!”, Bilingual readings with slow audio “Leggi con me!”, the gender of the noun (masculine or feminine), the first letters of the noun or adjective it precedes. A cenotaph is a structure that is built in honour of soldiers who died in a war. Edit. ), Lei a paura dei maiali. When articles are followed by invariable nouns 1 their presence is fundamental to understand gender and number. Partitive will be dealt with further on, so for the time being simply disregard its use. In Italian you have to use an article in possessive constructions (where you would not use one in English): La macchina di Antonio è nuova, la mia no. ), Ho trovato le stivale delle donne. The Italian indefinite article (l'articolo indeterminativo) corresponds to English a/an and is used with singular nouns. more information about Italian prepositions, Learn Italian with 11 YouTube Channels, 5 Minutes at a Time, 96 Essential Italian Travel Phrases and Words to Pack for Your Trip to Italy, Curl Up with a Book: Italian Novel Even Beginners Can Read, Come Here Often? (I found the women’s boots. Uno is used for masculine words beginning with z or s + consonant; un is used for all other masculine words. ), Uso una penna per scrivere. NOTE: un is never followed by an apostrophe. It also corresponds to the number one. When the noun to which the article applies is a masculine noun then "a/an" can be translated as "un", or "uno", if the article applies to a feminine noun then the article that has to be used is "una". Let’s start with definite articles. Unlike an indefinite article, definite articles are used to refer to a specific noun. In fact, definite and indefinite articles are the cornerstone of Italian grammar. 5th - 10th grade. Tip: indefinite articles are great clues to understand the noun’s grammatical gender! (I use a pen to write. Italian Indefinite and Definite Articles DRAFT. There are three article categories in italian: 1. Play this game to review Italian. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. 23 times. As with definite articles, the rules about selecting the right indefinite article are based on the noun’s spelling and grammatical gender. THE. It can be any duck and any apple. (The boy weighs 40 kilograms. Check out these definite articles in action! Learn about the feminine and masculine articles and singular and plural constructions. Indefinite ArticleIn Italian, the indefinite article is placed before the noun to indicate a generic, uncountable noun. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. ), Sono tornato dallo sport. They play a crucial part in the Italian phrase and you need to understand articles if you want to understand Italian. ), Quell’alveare è la casa dell’ape. (She doesn’t believe in hope. It also corresponds to the number one . While the above rules for using indefinite and definite articles hold true in the majority of circumstances, there are a few exceptions that you should be aware of. ), Lei viene dalla Francia. Italian indefinite articles are a similar function to “a” and “an” in English. ), Il ragazzo pese sui quaranta chili. You can also get a better understanding of the concept by seeing it in use with authentic videos on FluentU. The article un is used with masculine nouns starting with a vowel or a consonant FluentU brings language learning to life with real-world videos. (She talked for an hour.). The indefinite article is not used when saying what someone’s job is. ), Ho trovato i documenti sulla scrivania. As the definite articles, there are some rules to understand the use of these articles: When plural nouns are indefinite, they simply do not use an article, or they use the partitive form: i.e. 76% average accuracy. (I returned from sport. (I return from Italy tomorrow. The Italian indefinite article (l'articolo indeterminativo) corresponds to English a/an and is used with singular nouns. When definite articles follow certain prepositions, the words must contract – more about this in a future lesson. If we have a feminine noun that starts with a consonant, we use la. Note that these words are also the same masculine words that take uno when using the indefinite article. Lo sport è un'attività salutare per gli adolescenti.Sport is a healthy pursuit for teenagers. Indefinite articles mean Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Now that we know both our definite and indefinite articles, they can also help us identify if the noun is masculine or feminine, in case we forget or do not know the different endings. Italian Grammar Lessons: Definite and Indefinite articles In this lesson you will learn about the use of articles in Italian. Buon viaggio! He is a tutor of Italian language and culture. ), La penna è nello zaino. In English, indefinite articles correspond to the terms "a" and "an." NOTE: The indefinite article has no plural form; however it can be implied: Mangio pere e mele.I am eating pears and apples. If you’re confused by any of this, read on! cats (no article) or some cats (partitive), coins or some coins (partitive), etc. Since this post focuses on articles, we won’t go into many details about prepositions here, so be sure to check out more information about Italian prepositions to get a fuller understanding of them. Indefinite articles explained. (She comes from France. All Rights Reserved. Antonio's car is … Their use is pretty logical and pretty regular. 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