63. Or for that matter, why not an AR or some other carbine?”. Many authorities on home defense agree that measuring the longest possible shot you will have in a home defense situation and using that as a starting point for patterning your shotgun is the best approach, as the results in different buckshot sizes and brands can be surprising. I may have mentioned that the buckshot may not fare well in home defense because of the pellets’ splattering, but if you know how your shotgun splatters, you can control it. But I hope you’ll consider the fact that I probably didn’t just make it up. These ammo may often be referred to as number 1, number 2, 3, and 4. I think I can predict at least two or three of the objections. Occasionally you’ll see a 12-pellet load. There are other good loads out there, but it’s hard to go wrong with FliteControl. All very good questions, and I’ll do my best to answer each of them in part two. 3,75. It’s also strong enough to take down a deer, making it good enough for home defense and hunting. 94. As the name implies, #1 buck can be used for hunting deer and other game of all sizes at short to medium range – though it may be less effective than the larger 00 buck. When it’s unfired, it will actually be closer to 2¼ inches if it’s got a star crimp. When comparing #1 buckshot vs. 00, there are almost twice as many pellets in a #1 buck load compared to the 00 buck – leading to more wound channels and a greater likelihood of multiple system trauma, which is a known fight stopper. 2¾-inch #00 buckshot comes with either 8 or 9 pellets. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. 73. I could see a #4 buck being a decent choice if you’re in an apartment or a townhouse or something and you want to minimize penetration through walls. If shooting in an area filled with small brush and thickets, the dispersion and rapid energy transfer of #1 buck can be more desirable than even a .30-06, unless the range is extreme. Its performance in hunting depends on what you’re looking for. All buckshot was originally intended for hunting deer at fairly close range in wooded areas, so this is a good choice if you’re going to be in heavier brush with more obstructions. .380 ACP is all the rage these days for pocket semi-autos, but the humble .32 ACP still has its fair... More Stuff You Should Know About Buckshot [Part 2]. Watch the video below to get all the details, or just scroll down to read the full transcript and learn about buckshot sizes, patterning and more. 12 gauge buckshot shotgun cartridges range from #4 to #000 in size. As in all other buckshot ammunition, the #1 is still as effective as the 30-60 ammo, a standard hunting ammunition when shooting in a short-range. Unfortunately, #1 is just not as popular. It’s still going to go through at least a couple of interior walls just like anything else that will reliably stop an attacker. The typical #4 buckshot has 21 pellets of 6mm shot and a #000 cartridge has around 6 to 8 pellets of 9mm shot. If you’re an avid shooter, you may already know this, but shotguns come in several gauges, but the most popular are the 12-gauge and the 20-gauge. Unless you live alone and don’t have any neighbors, that’s not acceptable. Therefore, you need to be careful with it when using it as a home defense weapon. #4 will have around 21 to 28 pellets. There are definitely some different ways of looking at it. 109. Those longer shells will give you more velocity or more pellets. Instead, the pellets are held in a shot cup that keeps them from spreading until about five to seven yards. The greater that maximum potential distance is, the more that shot spread becomes a major liability. I wanted to revisit the topic and fill in some of the details I left out before. If it’s roll crimped like this, it’ll be more like 2½ inches. First, let’s break down those other attributes: By the way, just assume I’m talking about 12 gauge here. Each pellet of #00 is about .33 inches in diameter. The goal is to find out how much the pellets spread at any given distance. Low recoil #00 buck has been very popular with law enforcement since the 80s or 90s and it seems to be just as effective for close range encounters as the higher velocity stuff. As in all other buckshot ammunition, the #1 is still as effective as the 30-60 ammo, a standard hunting ammunition when shooting in a short-range. That’s the third thing you need to know about buckshot: A small pattern is usually better. They’re also more likely to penetrate exterior walls and other hard barriers. Most of the #4 loads are more like 1300 or 1400 feet per second. Buckshot varies in terms of the length of the shell itself and the number, size, and velocity of the pellets in that shell. Just be aware that certain semi-auto shotguns don’t cycle reliably with low recoil loads. For one thing, the terminal ballistics are better when the pellets all impact the same general area at once. Now do me a favor and go buy it from LuckyGunner.com because my kid is gonna need braces soon. It also has a high penetration rate which makes it popular for home defense use, and it works great when hunting big game like deer and elk. Many buy a shotgun for home defense, many for other reasons, like sport or hunting. So I’m going to go over just about everything you could want to know about using buckshot for self-defense. The wider the spread, the greater the chance that even a good center hit is going to result in at least one or two pellets that miss the target and hit something we did not intend to hit. 3,50. Definitely an improvement over individually counting pellets. The 12-gauge also seems to have more users than the 20-gauge and is easily is the most popular gauge. That probably goes without saying if you’ve been around shotguns for a while, but not everybody knows that. 114. For self-defense loads, that window is typically between about 1100 and 1600 feet per second out of the manufacturer’s test barrel. So with different gauges, and different types of cartridge, it might be nice to know how many pellets are in the cartridge. The 2¾-inch shells are standard. It’s context-dependent. 94. What this means is that a 20 gauge cartridge will naturally have fewer pellets in it than a 12 gauge shell by nature of the reduction in cartridge size. This makes it a better choice when compared to the #000 buckshot, which has fewer pellets. 4,00. It’s fair to say that it combines the 00 buckshot’s power and the ability to cause more damage with the higher number of pellets. It’s similar to birdshot in the sense that they both use pellets (small steel balls that are usually of the same size). There are a ton of options out there and more than any other type of firearm, ammo selection for shotguns is critical for making sure that gun does what we want it to do. The number of pellets in each shell will vary depending on the size of the shot and the length of the shell. It’s known to have enough power to penetrate wood and metal sheets. The first thing you should know about buckshot is that there are a lot of different types and they are not all created equal. But the size you choose depends on the impact you want to have. So… don’t miss. Pace off that distance and add a couple of yards just to be on the safe side and use that as your maximum distance. To that end, I have received roughly 700 hours of professional firearms training over the past several years. Below is a table showing a couple of buckshot sizes, their pellet size, and the average number of pellets. Gauge and cartridge size ae two factors than can alter the number of pellets per cartridge. This means 000 buck is very large compared to #12 bird shot – with #1 buck right in the middle. So what kind of pattern do we actually want? Even then, they are just on the very edge of adequate penetration, at least anecdotally speaking. He looks like he might even be a vegetarian. You can only use the 3 and 3½-inch shells if your barrel explicitly says it’s chambered for them. Works, but not as well as my solution. They are all effective in outdoor usage and home defense. Buckshot comes in different sizes, and each size can hold a certain size and number of pellets. They are plenty sufficient for that job. For birdshot, it’s just under 300, but many want a larger pellet so look at buckshot. Tim Chandler, who teaches some excellent shotgun classes, has often pointed out what I think is a perfect illustration of the problem with wider patterns. The number of pellets in each shell will vary depending on the size of the shot and the length of the shell. For less penetration and high stopping power, you can always go with the smaller sizes like the #3 and #4. 102. 125. Dagger Defense DDHB Review: Does Quality Come With A Budget? All Rights Reserved. For home defense, take a look around your home and adjust your shot (and even your shotgun) for those specific conditions. The smallest buckshot is #4 buck, not to be confused with #4 shot, which is birdshot. Think about whatever area you might have to defend from people or animals or whatever. Number of pellets per ounce #7 1/2.094: 350 #4 buckshot.24: 21 #1 buckshot.30: 11 #00 buckshot.33: 8 Shell length is determined by measuring the shell before it’s crimped. A 12-gauge shotgun has an 18.5mm gauge (.729 inches), while a 20-gauge shotgun has a 15.6 mm (.62 inches). What could he possibly know about shotguns?”. By “small,” I mean less than about five or six inches across at your maximum distance. In order to provide a proper understanding of the question that was asked, we have to delve into some basic information about shotgun cartridges and their history.