The traveller must not be of nomads who mostly travel. [3] When one goes “home”, one is returning to one’s long-term/permanent residence; therefore it remains one’s “home” (watan al-asli) and one does not shorten. fact, this is the most viable opinion, unless for a particularly case there is confusion as to whether it is I accompanied the Messenger of Allah [on journeys]and he never prayed more than two raka'ah until Allah took his soul. The statements of the (Shaba) companions are contradictory, and they are not a (conclusive) proof if they differ. Even though the verse mentions ‘fear’ as a condition, it is no longer a requirement. This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited. Summing up and giving his own opinion, Ibn al-Qayyim says: "The Messenger of Allah stayed in Tabuk for twenty days and during that time he shortened his salaah and he did not say that one may not shorten his salaah if he stays longer than that, although there is agreement that he did stay there for that period of time.". Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid, You can ask your question on the website via this link:, Password should contain small, capital letter and at least 8 characters long, If you do not have an account, you can click the button below to create one, Join our e-mail list for regular site news and updates, All Rights Reserved for Islam Q&A© 1997-2020. your prayers, for fear' ," so Ibn 'Umar said, "O son of my brother, verily the Prophet (peace be Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah. Based on this, the distance at which it is permissible to shorten prayers is the distance of two days’ travel aiming directly for that dsetination. What is the minimum distance of traveling at which the fasting is exused. And it is not confirmed that he ever prayed four raka'ah [while travelling],and none of the imams differ on this point, although they do differ about the ruling of shortening the salaah.". ", Others say 'that Ibn 'Abbas was referring to the Prophet's stay in Tabuk as Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said: "The Messenger of Allaah stayed in Tabuk for twenty days and performed Qasr salaah." you so accept His charity.' This distance is what is called traveling according to the custom of the Muslims. Umar, A1i,Ibn Mas'ud, ibn 'Abbas, ibn 'Umar, Jabir and the Hanafi scholars say that it is fard(compulsory) to shorten the prayer on a journey. Ibn Hajar (RAH) writes in Fath al-Bari: "This is the most authentic hadith which states and clarifies [that question]. said ' if you shorten your prayers, for fear the unbelievers may attack you' and now the people Fisheries someone whose occupation requires him to always be traveling, for instance, a pilot, a ship captain, truck driver, and soon, then he is permitted to shorten his salaah or break his fasts he is truly travelling. This is the guidance of the Prophet (sallaallahualayhi wa sallam) and his Companions, and this is the correct position. PRAYER OF A TRAVELLER (QASR) The Sharīʻah aims to offer that which is divinely beneficial for all of mankind. He also mentioned the name of 'Umar and 'Uthman, then he recited the verse: "You have indeed in the Messenger of Allaah a beautiful pattern (of conduct)." The readers should consult the manuals of Islamic law for the specific viewpoints of the mujtahids they follow. Thus, if the traveller cannot find another traveller to lead him in the salaah, he' may pray by himself as it is disliked that he should follow one who ,is a resident' [i.e., and pray four raka'ah] according to the Malikis chool. Anas (RA)relates: This article was culled from the publications of, Combactive Measures for Eliminating Jinns, MAWLID an-NABIYY : THE PROPHET BIRTHDAY CELEBRATION, Street Protests and Demonstrations : Islamic Perspective, Hadiths about Friday (Yaumul Jumu’ah) (including what to know and do on Friday). Based on this explanation, the clause "if you fear …" in the verse is taken to be only a reference to the prevalence of such situations at that time, not a restrictive term.[9]. The ayah expresses the permission for shortening the prayer for one who travels without specifically Source: Kenan Kenan. generalization in the wording referring to the shortening of the prayer as it appears in the Qur'an and – The distance is based on a one-way trip and not a round trip. (Abu Dawud). Answer: Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh Sidi. Q 2.) Also do I fall into the category of a traveller if I stay at university for less than a week (considering I’m renting a flat at Uni) and go home weekly (provided the distance causes me to be a traveller)? hardship it would be permissible for him or her to shorten the prayer and break the mandatory fast. Likewise if he stays in some place for business or some other affair, then he may shorten his salaah along as he is there, even for years. Acoording to these 2 fatwas 1 2 this is the opinion of the Maliki and Hanafi Madhab while Shafi'i and Hanbali (this is quoted in the following fatwa) say if you returned to your place (home) you will have to do qada' (qaza) for 4 raka'a prayer as usual no matter if it was a qaza' for qasr or not! Some scholars including ibn Qadama and Sheikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyya and his pupil Ibn ul-Qayyim Their pretext and justification is the The majority of scholars are of the view that the distance at which a traveler may join prayers and not fast is forty-eight miles. One Farsakh is equivalent to 5,541 meters while one mile equals 1,748 meters. However, the scholars differ on this point. ... o Distance – One has to travel at least 51 miles/81 km or more to be qualified as a traveller. But so long as custom gives a clear definition, then referring to what is customary is the right thing to do. He answered him: "You have indeed in the Messenger of Allah a beautiful pattern (of conduct).". (Q4[Nisa']:101). According to the Shafi'e school, if the person has travelled a sufficient distance (two marhalah which is approximately 56 M or 89 KM) he is permissible to shorten his prayer. 19.4k 17 17 gold badges 79 79 silver badges 238 238 bronze badges. for the movements of the salaah]. I pray you can clarify these points. (Al-Shu'aithiy said that feel secure." share | improve this question | follow | edited Nov 14 '16 at 1:58. This section is a general introduction to the rulings of a fiqhi topic. The reason for this ruling is Qur'an 4:101: It has been documented in both Sunni[1] and Shi'a[2] sources that while travelling, the Prophet (s) shortened four Rak'a prayers and performed them in two Rak'as. And I accompanied Abu Bakar and he did not pray more than two raka’ah." According to the Shafi'e school, if the person has travelled a sufficient distance (two marhalah which is approximately 56 M or 89 KM) he is permissible to shorten his prayer. Two, the question of the distance to be travelled is one that may only be answered by some sort of revelation from Allaah, the Exalted [the Qur'an or Sunnah]; it is not the type of issue which one may address on the basis of personal reasoning. According to the Hanafi school, it is permitted to shorten your prayers whilst travelling for a period of less than fifteen complete days and nights. Is it necessary for a person in airplane to make Wudu or Tayammum and then perform Qasr Salat? In Sahih al-Bukhari, it is recorded that Ibn 'Abbas (RA) said: ''The Prophet stayed, during some of his journeys, for nineteen day and he prayed only two raka'ah.