David is a 4-yr.-old who has a form of cerebral palsy (CP) called spastic diplegia. Is there any difference between the two terms or are they used interchangeably? Evaluate the social model of disability as an adequate account of the ‘differences’ between disabled and non disabled people. "The phrased "disabled people" is an example of identity-first language (in contrast to people-first language). It has been said that the differences between disabled people and non-disabled people in western society is based on the ideology of ‘normality’, implying that disabled … These portrayals simultaneously reflect and influence the popular perception of disabled difference. Colin Cameron is a senior lecturer in Disability Studies at Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne. A disabled dependant is one who has a “severe and prolonged impairment in mental or physical functions.” To qualify as disabled, a Disability Tax Credit Certificate (T2201) must be completed and signed by a medical practitioner to certify that the individual is disabled… SSI, on the other hand, serves as a safety net for those who do not qualify for SSDI and have limited means. Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is designed to help people who have limited income and limited resources as well as a disability. To use a "common language" and to prevent anybody get upset or frustrated by the misuse of terms . It is seen as an effort to include people with all impairments in one minority group, which is oppressed by society and has united to challenge the barriers society has put in place for it. Did you know that users who have filled in their profile details are 42 times more likely to get matched with the right employer? A disability is broadly defined as a condition or function judged to be significantly impaired relative to the usual standard of an individual or group. Disorder is an illness that causes disruption to the functions of a person. They are known as 'developmental' because these disabilities appear between birth and 22 years of age. What a difference a little sum of 940 a month makes. Good question! Find out more about 2016's UK Disability History Month here. The term is "disability rights" - not "disabled rights" or "handicapped rights" simply because historically and politically that's the term that the activists themselves have come to call it. Speaking about the in terms of meaning Disability is more about physical and mental inabilities while special needs is related to the learning disabilities. How does either affect the whole human species, individually or as a populated society? SSDI is available to those who have "paid into" the system through taxable income. Even more broadly, a large group of physical or mental conditions are considered to be "disabilities" - things people have also called "afflictions" or "impairments" or "injuries" or "diseases. The language/ terms used by schools as well as support services does confuse many parents and make them ponder around the difference between disability and special needs. However, I have personally always believed that it is very difficult to fully reclaim a word once it has been used negatively against a community. I am an aspie. To most people today the term "disabled" still means just that, and, more broadly, means "unable to perform" this or that physical or mental function. I am disabled. Many employers offer disability insurance. Even I forget to use it. How does Disability affect Deaf and vice versa? Description of the tool. It does not mean that you'll get benefits for the rest of your life. Disorder is an illness that causes disruption to the functions of a person. 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