Anemone was named by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 and is situated in the tribe Anemoneae, subfamily Ranunculoideae, and the family Ranunculaceae. Flowers with 4–27 sepals are produced singly, in cymes of 2–9 flowers, or in umbels, above a cluster of leaf- or sepal-like bracts. As with other plants, some species can be readily raised from seed while some hybrids may be sterile. The anemone is sometimes called the windflower. The Cherokee used an infusion of the root to treat whooping cough. [17] In other versions, the boar was sent by other jealous Greek gods to murder Adonis. [citation needed]. Anemone (/əˈnɛməniː/) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae, native to temperate zones. Anemones can be used for hurting or for healing. A. blanda typically blooms in mid spring. to ward off pests and disease as well as bad luck. [10] The Metamorphoses of Ovid tells that the plant was created by the goddess Aphrodite when she sprinkled nectar on the blood of her dead lover Adonis, and Ovid describes the etymology as referring to the frailty of the petals that can be easily blown away by the wind. Some of the species are grown in gardens. [5][6] As considered in the broader sense (sensu lato) the genus is sometimes considered to include a number of other genera, such as Anemonoides, Anemonastrum, Hepatica, Pulsatilla, Knowltonia, Barneoudia, and Oreithales. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, Greek anemōnē means “daughter of the wind”, from ánemos the wind god + feminine patronymic suffix -ōnē (i.e. "Anemone" has several different meanings depending on the culture and context in which the flower is being used. The buttercuplike blooms turn their faces up toward the sunshine, but when night falls, these smart plants bow their tender heads to keep the rain from dripping on the undeveloped seed pods inside. Leaves are simple or compound with lobed, parted, or undivided leaf blades. The least common of the commonly-cultivated forms is a pale pink. Anemone Flower Facts. Hoot et al. • Protection against evil and ill wishes [7] Several of these were included as separate genera within Anemoneae by Wang et al., a tribe with six genera in total. Anemone hupehensis, and its white cultivar 'Honorine Joubert', the latter especially, are well-known autumn-flowering selections. The leaf margins are toothed or entire. When in bloom, the entire plant of the Anemone pulsatilla variety can be made into a tincture used to provide relief from ailments such as menstrual cramps. Facts. When in bloom, the entire plant of the Anemone pulsatilla variety can be made into a tincture used to provide relief from ailments such as menstrual cramps. Anemones are native to temperate zones. It is most commonly-available with a bluish violet flower (usually erroneously called "Blue Shades" despite its flower being more purple than blue) that varies from intense to pale, depending upon the individual plant and possibly soil conditions. It is a tuberous-rooted plant with parsley-like divided leaves and large poppy-like blossoms on stalks of from 15–20 cm high. Anemones bloom from early spring to late fall depending on the species. [6], Early molecular analyses divided the genus into two subgenera (Anemonidium and Anemone), with seven sections, and 12 informal subsections. Their popularity varies by species and region. This is because the anemone flowers … In the Victorian language of flowers, the anemone[which?] The larger subgenus Anemone showed a similar pattern. Flowers with 4–27 sepals are produced singly, in cymes of 2–9 flowers… A number of low-growing species, such as the native British A. nemorosa and A. apennina, have woodlands and other shady places as their habitat. One species of anemone, Anemone ranunculoides, is unusual for its yellow flowers. The Anemone nemorosa plant is poisonous. Unlike a hardier species such as A. blanda, A. coronaria is described as hardy only as low as climate zone 7 by some sources and by others hardy only as low as zone 8. [15] Hybrids of the de Caen and St. Brigid groups are the most prevalent on the market. The anemone’s star-shaped flowers blanket woodland forests in a carpet of white, and when the wind blows, the spent petals drift away in the breeze. The leaf margins are toothed or entire. The fruits are ovoid to obovoid shaped achenes that are collected together in a tight cluster, ending variously lengthened stalks; though many species have sessile clusters terminating the stems. [16] A. coronaria has been described by some professional sources as preferring acidic soil and by others as preferring alkaline soil. More than 100 species of anemones have been identified worldwide. [citation needed]. The violet, and especially pink, forms sometimes possess petals that fade to white near the flower center. How to Care for the White Snakeroot Plant→. The beautiful anemone flower also symbolizes: Bees aren’t attracted to it, so it has to rely on other insects to stumble upon it for fertilization. The anemone didn’t fare much better in Egypt, where the flower was considered to be a symbol of sickness. Cultivated anemones are nearly always one of the following colors: bluish violet, white, pink, red, and hues in a range between violet and pink. • The arrival of the first spring winds. Habitat. A. hortensis and the hybrid A. fulgens have less-divided leaves than some others and have rose-purple or scarlet flowers.[15]. They are found in many European countries, in North America, and Japan. Anemones are often depicted in images of the Crucifixion or alongside the Virgin Mary as she mourns the death of Christ. The anemone plant’s foliage is medium to dark green. The genus is closely related to several other genera such as Pulsatilla (pasqueflowers) and Hepatica; some botanists include both of these genera within Anemone.[2][3]. Sepals may be pink. Leaves are simple or compound with lobed, parted, or undivided leaf blades. represented a forsaken love of any kind, while European peasants carried them[which?] Sepals may be pink. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! [18] These origin stories reflect the classical dual meanings of the arrival of spring breezes and the death of a loved one. The anemone[which?] Species of anemone can grow up to 1.2 meters (4 feet) tall. In China, the anemone has a not-so-romantic moniker: flower of death. A dramatic and easily-recognized plant, tall windflower is distinctive in flower and fruit. Anemone are perennials that have basal leaves with long leaf-stems that can be upright or prostrate. The pistils have one ovule. nemorosa. There are no truly blue anemones, despite the frequent use of the label "blue" in marketing to describe blue-violet flowers (flowers that are more violet than blue). In addition to certain straight species being available, hybrids and cultivars are available for certain species. Various strategies, such as the use of protection, can be tried to plant them outdoors in fall in zone 6 but results may vary. "Anemone" may also refer to Nea'man, the Phoenician name for Adonis, referring to an earlier Syrian myth of the god of vegetation, also tusked by a boar. Garden-cultivated anemones generally grow best in a loamy well-drained evenly-moist fertile soil, although the ephemeral A. blanda does not require as much moisture during the summer when it is dormant (unlike the related Eranthis species that can suffer if they become too dry even while dormant). Several of the Western meanings of anemone flowers pertain to the Greek mythology of the origin of the anemone flower featuring Adonis and Aphrodite. proposed the following two subgenera and several sections be retained, with a number of subsections and series: As of April 2020[update] Kew's Plants of the World Online lists 63 species in the genus Anemone:[1], According to the Oxford English Dictionary, Greek ἀνεμώνη (anemōnē) means 'daughter of the wind', from ἄνεμος (ánemos, 'wind') + feminine patronymic suffix -ώνη (-ṓnē, so 'daughter of').